Journal Articles

2016/In Press

  • Biswas D, Casey D, Crowder DC, Steinman DA, Yun YH, Loth F. Characterization of transition to turbulence for blood in a straight pipe under steady flow conditions. J Biomech Eng 2016. Accepted 21 Mar 2016.
  • Meiburger KM, Molinari F, Wong J, Aguilar L, Gallo D, Steinman DA, Morbiducci U. Validation of the carotid intima-media thickness variability (IMTV): Can manual segmentation be trusted as ground truth? Ultrasound Med Biol 2016. Epub 2016 Apr 9.
  • Gallo D, Steinman DA, Morbiducci U. Insights into the co-localization of magnitude-based versus direction-based indicators of disturbed shear at the carotid bifurcation. J Biomech 2016. Epub 2016 Feb 12.


  • Berg P, Roloff C, Beuing O, Sugiyama, Aristokleous N, Anayiotos AS, Ashton N, Revell A, Bressloff NW, Brown AG, Chung BJ, Cebral JR, Copelli G, Fu W, Qiao A, Geers AJ, Hodis S, Dragomir-Daescu D, Nordahl E, Khan MO, Valen-Sendstad K, Kono K, Meng H, Xiang J, Menon PG, Albal PG, Mierka O, Münster R, Morales HG, Bonnefous O, Osman J, Goubergrits L, Pallares J, Cito S, Passalacqua A, Piskin S, Pekkan K, Ramalho S, Marques N, Sanchi S, Schumacher KR, Sturgeon J, Švihlová H, Hron J, Usera G, Mendina M, Steinman DA, Janiga G. The computational fluid dynamics rupture challenge 2013 – Phase II: variability of hemodynamic simulations in two intracranial aneurysms. J Biomech Eng 2015 Dec;137(12):121008, Epub 2015 Oct 16.
  • Khan MO, Valen-Sendstad K, Steinman DA. Narrowing the expertise gap for predicting intracranial aneurysm hemodynamics: Solver fidelity trumps mesh and time-step resolution. Am J Neuroradiol 2015 Jul;36(7):1310-6. Epub 2015 Mar 5.
  • Morbiducci U, Gallo D, Cristofanelli S, Ponzini R, Deriu MA, Rizzo G, Steinman DA. A rational approach to defining principle axes of multidirectional wall shear stress in realistic vascular geometries, with application to the study of the influence of helical flow on wall shear stress directionality in aorta. J Biomech 2015 Apr;48:899-906. Epub 2015 Feb 25.
  • Valen-Sendstad K, Piccinelli M, Krishnankuttyrema R, Steinman DA. Estimation of inlet flow rates for image-based aneurysm CFD models: Where and how to begin? Ann Biomed Eng 2015 Jun;43(6):1422-1431. Epub 2015 Feb 24.
  • Janiga G, Berg P, Sugiyama S, Kono K, Steinman DA. The computational fluid dynamics rupture challenge 2013 – Phase I: Prediction of rupture status in intracranial aneurysms. Am J Neuroradiol 2015 Mar;36(3):530-6. Epub 2014 Dec 11.
  • Gallo D, Steinman DA, Morbiducci U. An insight into the mechanistic role of the common carotid artery on the hemodynamics at the carotid bifurcation. Ann Biomed Eng 2015 Jan;43(1):68-81. Epub 2014 Sep 19.


  • Van Doormaal M, Zhou YQ, Zhang X, Steinman DA, Henkelman RM. Inputs for subject-specific computational fluid dynamics simulation of blood flow in the mouse aorta. J Biomech Eng 2014 Oct;136:101008-1.
  • Valen-Sendstad K, Piccinelli M, Steinman DA. High-resolution CFD detects flow instabilities in the carotid siphon: Implications for aneurysm initiation and rupture? J Biomech 2014 Sep;47(12):3210–3216. Epub 2014 Apr 29.
  • Bijari PB, Wasserman BA, Steinman DA. Carotid bifurcation geometry is an independent predictor of early wall thickening at the carotid bulb. Stroke 2014 Feb;45(2):473-8. Epub 2013 Dec 19.
  • Valen-Sendstad K, Steinman DA. Mind the gap: Impact of CFD solution strategy on prediction of intracranial aneurysm hemodynamics and rupture status indicators. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2014 Mar;35(3):536-543. Epub 2013 Nov 21. Commentary: Resolving the Issue of Resolution. Epub 2014 Feb 8. Featured in Dec 2014 AJNR News Digest and “Aneurysms and the American Journal of Neuroradiology: The Next 20 Years”. Nominated for Lucien Levy Best Research Article Award.


  • Aguilar LA, Cobbold RSC, Steinman DA. Fast and mechanistic ultrasound simulation using a point source/receiver approach. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 2013 Nov;60(11):2335-46.
  • Mynard JP, Steinman DA. Effect of velocity profile skewing on the estimation of blood flow from maximum Doppler spectral velocity. Ultrasound Med Biol 2013 May;39(5):870-81. Epub 2013 Feb 27.
  • Mynard JP, Wasserman BA, Steinman DA. Errors in the estimation of wall shear stress by maximum Doppler velocity. Atherosclerosis 2013 Apr;227(2):259-66. Epub 2013 Jan 25.
  • Steinman DA, Hoi Y, Fahy P, Morris L, Walsh MT, Aristokleous N, Anayiotos AS, Papaharilaou Y, Arzani A, Shadden SC, Berg P, Janiga G, Bols J, Segers P, Bressloff NW, Cibis M, Gijsen FH, Cito S, Pallares J, Browne LD, Costelloe JA, Lynch AG, Degroote J, Vierendeels J, Fu W, Qiao A, Hodis S, Kallmes DF, Kalsi H, Long Q, Kheyfets VO, Finol EA, Kono K, Malek AM, Lauric A, Menon PG, Pekkan K, Esmaily Moghadem M, Marsden AL, Oshima M, Katagiri K, Peiffer V, Mohamied Y, Sherwin SJ, Usera G, Mendina M, Valen-Sendstad K, Habets DF, Xiang J, Meng H, Yu Y, Karniadakis GE, Shaffer N, Loth F. Variability of computational fluid dynamics solutions for pressure and flow in a giant aneurysm: The ASME 2012 Summer Bioengineering Conference CFD Challenge. J Biomech Eng 2013 Feb;135(2):021016.
  • Valen-Sendstad K, Mardal KA, Steinman DA. High-resolution CFD detects high-frequency velocity fluctuations in bifurcation, but not sidewall, aneurysms. J Biomech 2013 Jan;46(2):402-7. Epub 2012 Nov 20.
  • Qiao Y, Steinman DA, Etesami M, Martinez-Marquese A, Lakatta EG, Wasserman BA. Impact of T2 decay on carotid artery wall thickness measurements. J Magn Reson Imaging 2013 Jun;37(6):1493-8. Epub 2012 Nov 21.


  • Gallo D, Steinman DA, Bijari PB, Morbiducci U. Helical flow in carotid bifurcation as surrogate marker of exposure to disturbed shear. J Biomech 2012 Sep 21;45(14):2398-404. Epub 2012 Jul 30.
  • Etesami M, Hoi Y, Steinman DA, Gujar SK, Nidecker AE, Astor BC, Portanova A, Qiao Y, Abdalla WMA, Wasserman BA. Comparison of carotid plaque ulcer detection using contrast-enhanced and time-of-flight MRA techniques. Am J Neuroradiol 2013 Jan;34(1):177-84. Epub 2012 May 24.
  • Bijari, PB, Antiga L, Gallo D, Wasserman BA, Steinman DA. Improved prediction of disturbed flow via hemodynamically-inspired geometric variables. J Biomech 2012 Jun;45(9):1632-1637. Epub 2012 May 1.
  • Piccinelli M, Steinman DA, Hoi Y, Veneziani A, Antiga L. Automatic neck plane detection and 3D geometric characterization of aneurysmal sacs. Ann Biomed Eng 2012 Oct;40(10):2188-211. Epub 2012 Apr 25.


  • Manbachi A, Hoi Y, Wasserman BA, Lakatta EG, Steinman DA. On the shape of the common carotid artery, with implications for blood velocity profiles. Physiol Meas 2011 Oct 27;32(12):1885-1897. Featured article
  • Qiao Y, Steinman DA, Qin Q, Etesami M, Schar M, Astor BC, Wasserman BA. Intracranial arterial wall imaging using 3D high isotropic-resolution black blood MRI at 3.0 T. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Jul;34(1):22-30.
  • Hoi Y, Zhou YQ, Zhang X, Henkelman RM, Steinman DA. Correlation between local hemodynamics and lesion distribution in a novel aortic regurgitation murine model of atherosclerosis. Ann Biomed Eng 2011 May;39(5): 1414-22. Epub 2011 Jan 29.
  • Bijari PB, Antiga L, Wasserman BA, Steinman DA. Scan-rescan reproducibility of carotid bifurcation geometry from routine contrast-enhanced MR angiography. J Magn Reson Imaging 2011 Feb; 33(2): 482-489.


  • Hoi Y, Wasserman BA, Lakatta EG, Steinman DA. Effect of common carotid artery inlet length on normal carotid bifurcation hemodynamics. J Biomech Eng 2010 Dec; 132(12):121008 (6 pp.)
  • Zhang Q, Steinman DA, Friedman MH. Use of factor analysis to characterize arterial geometry and predict hemodynamic risk: Application to the human carotid bifurcation. J Biomech Eng 2010 Nov;132(11):114505 (5 pp.)
  • Aguilar LA, Steinman DA, Cobbold RSC. On the synthesis of sample volumes for real-time spectral Doppler ultrasound simulation. Ultrasound Med Biol 2010 Dec;36(12):2107-2116. Epub 2010 Oct 14.
  • Hoi Y, Wasserman BA, Lakatta EG, Steinman DA. Carotid bifurcation hemodynamics in older adults: Effect of measured vs. assumed flow waveform. J Biomech Eng 2010 Jul; 132(7): 071006 (6 pp.)
  • Thorne ML, Rankin RN, Steinman DA, Holdsworth DW. In vivo Doppler ultrasound quantification of turbulence intensity using a high-pass frequency filter method. Ultrasound Med Biol 2010 May;36(5):761-71. Epub 2010 Apr 9.
  • Hoi Y, Wasserman BA, Xie YJ, Najjar SS, Ferruci L, Lakatta EG, Gerstenblith G, Steinman DA. Characterization of volumetric flow rate waveforms at the carotid bifurcations of older adults. Physiol Meas 2010; 31(3): 291-302


  • Antiga L, Steinman DA. Rethinking turbulence in blood. Biorheology 2009; 46(2): 77-81.
  • Lee SW, Antiga L, Steinman DA. Correlations among indicators of disturbed flow at the normal carotid bifurcation. J Biomech Eng 2009 Jun; 131(6): 061013 (7 pp.)
  • Piccinelli M, Veneziani A, Steinman DA, Remuzzi A, Antiga L. A framework for geometric analysis of vascular structures: applications to cerebral aneurysms. IEEE Trans Med Imaging 2009 Aug; 28(8): 1141-1155. Invited for a special section on imaging and the virtual physiological human.
  • Ford MD, Hoi Y, Piccinelli M, Antiga L, Steinman DA. An objective approach to digital removal of saccular aneurysms: Technique and applications. Br J Radiol 2009 Jan; 82: S55-61. Invited for special issue on computational fluid dynamics.


  • Antiga L, Piccinelli M, Botti L, Ene-Iordache B, Remuzzi A, Steinman DA. An image-based modeling framework for high-throughput computational hemodynamics. Med Biol Eng Comput. 2008 Nov; 46(11): 1097-112. Epub 2008 Nov 11. Invited for special issue on patient specific hemodynamic modelling
  • Antiga L, Wasserman BA, Steinman DA. On the overestimation of early wall thickening at the carotid bulb by black blood MRI, with implications for coronary and vulnerable plaque imaging. Magn Reson Med 2008 Nov; 60(5): 60:1020–1028.
  • Thorne ML, Poepping TL, Nikolov HN, Rankin RN, Steinman DA, Holdsworth DW. In vitro Doppler ultrasound investigation of turbulence intensity in pulsatile flow with simulated cardiac variability. Ultrasound Med Biol 2009 Jan; 35(1): 120-8. Epub 2008 Oct 31.
  • Ford MD, Xie YJ, Wasserman BA, Steinman DA. Is flow in the common carotid artery fully developed? Physiol Meas 2008 Nov; 29(11): 1335-49. Epub 2008 Oct 14. Featured on journal’s “Highlights of 2008”
  • Lee SW, Antiga L, Spence JD, Steinman DA. Geometry of the carotid bifurcation predicts its exposure to disturbed flow. Stroke 2008 Aug; 39(8): 2341-7. Epub 2008 Jun 12. Featured on cover
  • Ford MD, Nikolov HN, Milner JS, Lownie SP, DeMont EM, Kalata W, Loth F, Holdsworth DW, Steinman DA. PIV-measured vs. CFD-predicted flow dynamics in anatomically-realistic cerebral aneurysm models. J Biomech Eng 2008 Apr; 130(2): 021015 (9 pp.).
  • Thorne ML, Poepping TL, Rankin RN, Steinman DA, Holdsworth DW. Use of an ultrasound blood-mimicking fluid for Doppler investigations of turbulence in vitro. Ultrasound Med Biol 2008 Jul; 34(7):1163-73.
  • Ford MD, Lee SW, Lownie SP, Holdsworth DW, Steinman DA. On the effect of parent-aneurysm angle on flow patterns in basilar tip aneurysms: Towards a surrogate geometric marker of intra-aneurismal hemodynamics. J Biomech 2008 Feb; 41(2): 241-248.


  • Lee SW, Steinman DA. On the relative importance of rheology for image-based CFD models of the carotid bifurcation. J Biomech Eng 2007 Apr; 129(2): 273-278.
  • Hangan Steinman DA, Steinman DA. The art and science of visualizing blood flow dynamics. Leonardo 2007 Feb; 40(1): 71-76.
  • Feintuch A, Ruengsakulrach P, Lin A, Zhang J, Zhou YQ, Bishop J, Davidson L, Courtman D, Foster FS, Steinman DA, Henkelman RM, Ethier CR. Hemodynamics in the mouse aortic arch as assessed by MRI, ultrasound and numerical modeling. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2007 Feb; 292(2): H884-H892. Epub 2006 Sep 29.


  • Moyle KR, Antiga L, Steinman DA. Inlet conditions for image-based CFD models of the carotid bifurcation: Is it reasonable to assume fully-developed flow? J Biomech Eng 2006 Jun; 128(3): 371-379.


  • Ford MD, Stuhne GR, Nikolov HN, Habets DF, Lownie SP, Holdsworth DW, Steinman DA. Virtual angiography: Visualization and validation of computational fluid dynamics models of aneurysm hemodynamics. IEEE Trans Med Imaging 2005 Dec; 24(12): 1586-1592.
  • Thomas JB, Antiga L, Che S, Milner JS, Steinman DA, Spence JD, Rutt BK, Steinman DA. Variation in the carotid bifurcation geometry of young vs. older adults: Implications for geometric risk of atherosclerosis. Stroke 2005 Nov; 36(11): 2450-2456.
  • Ford MD, Alperin N, Lee SH, Holdsworth DW, Steinman DA. Characterization of volumetric flow rate waveforms in the normal internal carotid and vertebral arteries. Physiol Meas 2005 Aug; 26(4): 477-488.
  • Thomas JB, Jong L, Spence JD, Wasserman, B.A., Rutt BK, Steinman DA. Anthropometric data for MR imaging of the carotid bifurcation. J Magn Reson Imaging 2005 Jun; 21(6): 845-849.
  • Khoshniat M, Thorne ML, Poepping TL, Hirji S, Holdsworth DW, Steinman DA. Real-time numerical simulation of Doppler ultrasound in the presence of non-axial flow. Ultrasound Med Biol 2005 Apr; 31(4): 519-528.
  • Baghdadi L, Steinman DA, Ladak HM. Template-based finite element mesh generation from medical images. Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2005 Jan; 77(1): 11-21.


  • Ryval J, Straatman AG, Steinman DA. Two-equation turbulence modelling of pulsatile flow in a stenosed tube. J Biomech Eng 2004 Oct; 126(5): 625-635.
  • Stuhne GR, Steinman DA. Finite element modeling of the hemodynamics of stented aneurysms. J Biomech Eng 2004 Jun; 126(3): 382-387.
  • Antiga L, Steinman DA. Robust and objective decomposition and mapping of bifurcating vessels. IEEE Trans Med Imaging 2004 Jun; 3(6): 704-713.
  • Lownie SP, Menkis AH, Craen RA, Mezon B, MacDonald J, Steinman DA. Extracorporeal femoral to carotid artery perfusion in selective brain cooling for a giant aneurysm: Case report. J Neurosurg 2004 Feb; 100: 343-347.
  • Iemolo F, Martiniuk A, Steinman DA, Spence JD. Sex differences in carotid plaque and stenosis. Stroke 2004 Feb; 35(2): 477-481.


  • Tambasco M, Steinman DA. Path-dependent hemodynamics of the stenosed carotid bifurcation. Ann Biomed Eng 2003 Oct; 31: 1054-1065.
  • Steinman DA, Milner JS, Norley, C.J., Lownie SP, Holdsworth DW. Image-based computational simulation of flow dynamics in a giant intracranial aneurysm. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2003 Apr; 24:559-566. Commentary: 553-554. Featured on cover
  • Thomas JB, Milner JS, Rutt BK, Steinman DA. Reproducibility of image-based computational fluid dynamics models of the human carotid bifurcation. Ann Biomed Eng 2003 Feb; 31(2): 132-141. Featured on cover


  • Gin R, Straatman AG, Steinman DA. A dual-pressure boundary condition for use in simulations of bifurcating pipes and arteries. J Biomech Eng 2002 Oct; 124(5): 617-619.
  • Straatman AG, Khayat RE, Haj-Qasem E, Steinman DA. On the hydrodynamic stability of pulsatile flow in a plane channel. Phys Fluids 2002 Jun; 14(6): 1938-1944.
  • Thomas JB, Milner JS, Steinman DA. On the influence of vessel planarity on local hemodynamics at the human carotid bifurcation. Biorheology 2002 May/June; 39(3/4): 443-448. Invited for British Heart Foundation workshop special issue
  • Tambasco M, Steinman DA. On assessing the quality of particle tracking through computational fluid dynamic models. J Biomech Eng 2002 Apr; 124: 166-175.
  • Steinman DA, Thomas JB, Ladak HM, Milner JS, Rutt BK, Spence JD. Reconstruction of carotid bifurcation hemodynamics and wall thickness using computational fluid dynamics and MRI. Magn Reson Med 2002 Jan; 47(1): 149-159.


  • Tambasco M, Steinman DA. Calculating particle-to-wall distances in unstructured computational fluid dynamic models. Appl Math Modelling 2001 Oct; 25(10): 803-814.
  • Guo LR, Steinman DA, Moon BC, Wan WK, Millsap RJ. Effect of distal graft anastomosis site on retrograde perfusion and flow patterns of native coronary vasculature. Ann Thorac Surg 2001 Sep; 72(2): 782-787.
  • Thomas JB, Rutt BK, Ladak HM, Steinman DA. Effect of black blood MR image quality on vessel wall segmentation. Magn Reson Med 2001 Aug; 46(2): 299-304.
  • Ladak HM, Thomas JB, Mitchell JR, Rutt BK, Steinman DA. A semi-automatic technique for measurement of arterial wall from black blood MRI. Med Phys 2001 Jun; 28(6): 1098-1107.


  • Henderson RD, Steinman DA, Eliasziw M, Barnett HJM. Effect of contralateral carotid artery stenosis on carotid ultrasound velocity measurements. Stroke 2000 Nov; 31(11): 2636-2640. Featured on cover
  • Ladak HM, Mao F, Wang Y, Downey DB, Steinman DA, Fenster A. Prostate boundary segmentation from 2D ultrasound images. Med Phys 2000 Aug; 27(8): 1777-1788.
  • Gill JD, Ladak HM, Steinman DA, Fenster A. Accuracy and variability assessment of a semiautomatic technique for segmentation of the carotid arteries from three-dimensional ultrasound images. Med Phys 2000 Jun; 27(6): 1333-1342.
  • Ethier CR, Prakash S, Steinman DA, Leask RL, Couch GG, Ojha M. Steady flow separation patterns in a 45 degree junction. J Fluid Mech 2000 May; 411: 1-38.
  • Steinman DA, Poepping TL, Tambasco M, Rankin RN, Holdsworth DW. Flow patterns at the stenosed carotid bifurcation: Effect of concentric vs. eccentric stenosis. Ann Biomed Eng 2000 Apr; 28(4): 415-423.
  • Steinman DA. Simulated pathline visualization of computed periodic blood flow patterns. J Biomech 2000 May; 33(5): 623-628.
  • Ladak HM, Milner JS, Steinman DA. Rapid three-dimensional segmentation of the carotid bifurcation from serial MR images. J Biomech Eng 2000 Feb; 122(1): 96-99.


  • Holdsworth DW, Norley CJD, Frayne R, Steinman DA, Rutt BK. Characterization of common carotid blood-flow waveforms in normal human subjects. Physiol Meas 1999 Aug; 20(3): 219-240.
  • Moore JA, Steinman DA, Prakash S, Johnston KW, Ethier CR. A numerical study of blood flow patterns in anatomically realistic and simplified end-to-side anastomoses. J Biomech Eng 1999 Jun; 121(3): 265-272.
  • Moore JA, Steinman DA, Holdsworth DW, Ethier CR. Accuracy of computational hemodynamics in complex arterial geometries reconstructed from magnetic resonance imaging. Ann Biomed Eng 1999 Jan/Feb; 27(1): 32-41. Featured on cover.


  • Ethier CR, Steinman DA, Zhang X, Karpik SR, Ojha M. Flow waveform effects on end-to-side anastomotic flow patterns. J Biomech 1998 Jul; 31(7): 609-617.
  • Milner JS, Moore JA, Rutt BK, Steinman DA. Hemodynamics of human carotid artery bifurcations: computational studies in models reconstructed from magnetic resonance imaging of normal subjects. J Vasc Surg 1998 Jul; 27(1): 143-156.
  • Steinman DA, Rutt BK. On the nature and reduction of plaque-mimicking flow artifacts in black blood MRI of the carotid bifurcation. Magn Reson Med 1998 Apr; 39(4): 635-641.
  • Moore JA, Steinman DA, Ethier CR. Computational blood flow modelling: errors associated with reconstructing finite element models from magnetic resonance images. J Biomech 1998 Feb; 31(2): 179-184.


  • Steinman DA, Ethier CR, Rutt BK. Combined analysis of spatial and velocity displacement artifacts in phase contrast measurements of complex flows. J Magn Reson Imaging 1997 Mar/Apr; 7(2): 339-346.


  • Kunov MJ, Steinman DA, Ethier CR. Particle volumetric residence time calculations in arterial geometries. J Biomech Eng 1996 May; 118(2): 158-164.
  • Steinman DA, Frayne R, Zhang X, Rutt BK, Ethier CR. MR measurement and numerical simulation of steady flow in an end-to-side anastomosis model. J Biomech 1996 Apr; 29(4): 537-542.


  • Frayne R, Steinman DA, Ethier CR, Rutt BK. Accuracy of MR phase contrast velocity measurements for unsteady flow. J Magn Reson Imaging 1995 Jul/Aug; 5(4): 428-431.
  • Steinman DA, Cleghorn WL, Tabarrok B. Exact solution for the free vibration of axially-loaded pretwisted rods. Int J Mech Sci 1995 Jan; 37(1): 21-30.


  • Ballyk P, Steinman DA, Ethier CR. Simulation of non-Newtonian blood flow in an end-to-side anastomosis. Biorheology 1994 Sep/Oct; 31(5): 565-586.
  • Ethier CR, Steinman DA. Exact fully 3-D Navier-Stokes solutions for benchmarking. Int J Numer Meth Fluids 1994 Sep; 19(5): 369-375.
  • Steinman DA, Ethier CR. The effect of wall distensibility on flow in a two-dimensional end-to-side anastomosis. J Biomech Eng 1994 Aug; 116(3): 294-301.


  • Steinman DA, Vinh B, Ethier CR, Ojha M, Cobbold RSC, Johnston, KW. A numerical simulation of flow in a two-dimensional end-to-side anastomosis model. J Biomech Eng 1993 Feb; 115(1): 112-118.


  • Vera N, Steinman DA, Ethier CR, Johnston KW, Cobbold RSC. Visualization of complex flow fields, with application to the interpretation of colour flow Doppler images. Ultrasound Med Biol 1992; 18(1): 1-9.


  • Steinman DA, Tabarrok B, Cleghorn WL. The effect of pretwisting on the buckling behaviour of slender columns. Int J Mech Sci 1991; 33(4): 249-262.


  • Tabarrok B, Xiong Y, Steinman D, Cleghorn WL. On buckling of pretwisted columns. Int J Solids Struct 1990 26(1): 59-72.